Maybe you're marrying a Swiss person who wants to commemorate your wedding by going back in time to their ancestors. Or perhaps you've looked through pictures on the Internet and decided that Switzerland's stunning scenery, complete with towering mountains, old villages, and stunning architecture, would provide the ideal setting for your big day.
Marriage in Switzerland
For foreigners who want to get married, you need to fill out a form stating unequivocally that you are eligible for marriage.
These specifications are given by the Swiss Civil Registrar of the municipality or city where you intend to exchange vows. In other words, according to Swiss law, only Swiss civil authorities are permitted to execute the marriage, not a consular officer.
In Switzerland, a civil union with legal standing is the only type of marriage recognised. But if you want to, you can hold a religious ceremony at a church afterwards. In the end, you'll have to get in touch with the local civil registrar if you wish to get married there. They will offer details on costs and other needs.
The required documents must be translated, and there must be two adult witnesses in attendance. No residency requirement exists. It is best to get all necessary materials ready as soon as possible because the waiting period for approval could last up to five weeks.
Legal Requirements to Get Married in Switzerland
Only a few laws exist in Switzerland, making it very easy for locals and visitors to be married. Just a little forethought is required.
The bride and groom must both be at least 18 years old and of legal marriageable age. They cannot also already be married or part of a recognised partnership. If you are not Swiss, you must present the necessary paperwork from your country and remain in Switzerland up until your legal nuptials. Additionally, you must inform the registrar's office of your address and goals. Once everything is finished, the registry office will provide you with a marriage licence that enables you to get married either in your home or their structure.
However, is a wedding legal in Switzerland while on a tourist visa? Unfortunately, a tourist visa does not allow for weddings in Switzerland. Either you must be a citizen of Switzerland or possess a residency permit.
If you do meet the requirements to get married in Switzerland, you might be curious about the processing time. The good news is that you have three months from the time you receive the authorization to get married. But keep in mind that you do not get Swiss citizenship by marrying a Swiss national.
Paperwork and Documentation
Your birth certificate is the first document that is needed. Italian, French, or German translations of your birth certificate must have been published within the previous six months. A copy will not be accepted. Your passport and an affidavit proving your legal right to wed will be required by the registrar's office.
When you ask for authorization, this documentation is required. They may request to see your military ID card in particular circumstances. If you are divorced or widowed, they also need proof.
You'll need the appropriate papers to ensure you can get married because Swiss law only recognises civil unions. After that, a church can host a ceremony.
Recap of the documents :
Your civil, residential, and marital status must be proven.
You must establish your identity by presenting your passport and birth certificate.
Proof of your Swiss nationality, if relevant
Types of marriages possible in Switzerland
First of all, civil marriage is one that is recognised by the Swiss government through a civil registry office.
Can foreigners marry in Switzerland, though? Yes, it is the answer.
Couples living in Switzerland who are not Swiss citizens must demonstrate their legal status and marriage licence. Three months after receiving the consent, the ceremony must take place.
Initially, same-sex unions were prohibited in Switzerland. They could, however, form a civil relationship. With a civil relationship, the pension and inheritance benefits would be shared by both couples. The same tax duties would also apply to them, but they would not be able to adopt children.
Switzerland acknowledged same-sex unions that were consummated elsewhere in the world, but once the couple was physically present in Switzerland, the government regarded the union as a civil partnership. Nevertheless, a law change set to take effect on July 1st, 2022, will guarantee that Switzerland recognises and approves same-sex unions. Marriages consummated in the United Kingdom are still recognised by Switzerland as long as it does not conflict with any of their laws, although registered partnerships are no longer permitted in Switzerland.
The procedure of getting married in Switzerland
Although the process of getting married in Switzerland isn't much complicated, there are a few phases that could require some processing time. You must first show the registry office that you are in compliance with all regulations by submitting your marriage request form together with the necessary paperwork.
If the office approves of your marriage, it will evaluate and confirm it in writing. After that, the processes of publicly declaring your marriage are followed. Anyone who disagrees or is aware of a legal obstacle may present proof.
If you don't speak German, French, or Italian, you must bring a translator because the wedding will be in the local tongue.
Post Marriage Documentation
There are a few steps to complete in order to formalise your marriage once you say "I do" and follow the ceremonies. As soon as the wedding is over, you are legally wed. As a result, you must inform the community administration of this change in civil status and surname.
Additionally, you must inform the tax authorities, your job, bank, and post office. Your information will need to be updated with the insurance companies, and you'll also need to update your ID card, passport, driver's licence, and credit card.
There are a few rather simple laws in Switzerland regulating names after marriage. Even after being married, spouses have the option of maintaining their given names or choosing to share one.
It is not acceptable to use both the wife's and the husband's last names, or a double surname. While hyphens can be added, they cannot be used in the civil status registry. If not, you can apply for approval and use it like a passport or another kind of identity in regular life.
Recognition of Marriage
You'll be given a marriage certificate once you've been wed. In addition to listing their names both before and after the ceremony, this document attests to the bride and groom. Furthermore, it lists the wedding's location and date.
The bottom line
In conclusion, there are a few stages involved in getting married in Switzerland, but as long as you complete the prerequisites, there shouldn't be a problem if you're thinking about arranging your wedding.
The processes for walking down the aisle in Switzerland should now be clearer to you after reading this article. Plan ahead to get the required paperwork and make sure everything goes as smoothly as possible so you may enjoy your wedding in this stunning nation.